Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser treatment or surgery. However, early diagnosis is important because any damage to the eyes cannot be reversed. Treatment aims to control the condition and minimise future damage. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause visual impairment. But if it is diagnosed and treated early enough, further damage to vision can be prevented.
Attending regular optician appointments will help to ensure any signs of glaucoma can be detected early and allow treatment to begin.You are entitled to a free NHS eye test if you are over 40 years old and have a first-degree relative (mother, father, sister or brother) with glaucoma. Risk factors include Myopia (Short-Sight), Family History, Afro-Caribean and Chinese ethnicity, Diabetes, High Hyperopia (Long Sight). Instrumentation used includes OCT (see 3D scan (link)), Visual Fields (peripheral vision), Tonometry (measure of the pressure of your eye), Pachymetry (thickness of your cornea), and Volk Bio-microscopy (retina optic nerve head).
New SIGN and NICE guidelines have been introduced to improve detection and reduce unnecessary referrals using the Disc Damage Likelihood Scale and IOP over 25 for Ocular Hypertension.